Hindi: Dental Consonants: त, थ, द, ध, न

The fourth five consonants -- त, थ, द, ध, न -- are dental consonants (Wikipedia Dental consonants). Just like it sounds, the dental consonants are related to your teeth. Dental consonants represent half of the strange d's and t's, cerebral consonants are the other half. Of course, by strange, I mean strange to me. The dental consonants are articulated by placing the tip of your tongue against the back of your teeth, whereas the cerebral consonants are made with the tip of the tongue against the roof of your mouth. Comparing the dental unaspirated ta, त, with the cerebral unaspirated ṭa, ट, is that ट sounds deeper and rounder than त.

ta, /t̪/

tha, /t̪h/

त is said with no aspiration, थ is said with aspiration.

da, /d̪/

dha, /d̪h/

द is said with no aspiration, ध is said with aspiration.

na, /n/

न is the most common nasal consonant.

  Stop Nasal Approximant Fricative
  Unvoiced Voiced Unvoiced Voiced
  Unaspirated Aspirated Unaspirated Aspirated Unaspirated Aspirated
Guttural ka /k/ kha /kh/ ga /g/ gha /gh/ ṅa /ŋ/     ha /h,ɦ/
Palatal ca /c,ʧ/ cha /chh/ ja /ɟ,ʤ/ jha hh/ ña /ɲ/ ya /j/ śa /ɕ,ʃ/  
Cerebral ṭa /ʈ/ ṭha h/ ḍa /ɖ/ ḍha h/ ṇa /ɳ/ ra /r/ ṣa /ʂ/  
Dental ta /t̪/ tha /t̪h/ da /d̪/ dha /d̪h/ na /n/ la /l/ sa /s/  
Labial pa /p/ pha /ph/ ba /b/ bha /bh/ ma /m/ va /ʋ/    

I am archiving this information about the alphabet on the Hindi page: kirkkittell.com/language/hindi. More information from Wikipedia:

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